The first people to live on the land that we now call Alabama were the aborigines. While they were on the land some 10,000 years ago, it was not until the 16th century that the Europeans arrived.
The first countries to send explorers/settlers were Spain, France and England.
The Gulf Coast was the first area in present Alabama to be settled. In 1702 the French founded the first permanent European settlement in Alabama at Ft. Louis. This was located north of what became Mobile.
Between the 1690s and 1750s the French and English engaged in competition for the Indians trade. The major tribes were the Choctaws, Creeks, Chickasaws and Cherokees.
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